When I got ill with TB, tried to know each and every small thing about it because I don’t wanted to miss out anything. And additionally, I will be sharing the perfect diet for TB patients. So, stick on!
Question poped-up in mind that time were…How can I get this? What to do now? How can I cure this? blaah..blaah.
So, lets dig into this topic in detail and I will share the ups and downs I faced that time.
What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria that can attack any part of the body such as the brain, kidneys, or spine but particularly it attacks lungs.
The disease commonly known as tuberculosis (TB) is caused by one species of Mycobacteria, called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
How do you get TB?
Tuberculosis is a contagious disease; it is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings.
What are the types of Tuberculosis?
Some people may say that there are three types. No!, there are two types of TB. Latent and Active.
Latent Tuberculosis refers to the condition when we have a TB infection but the bacteria remains inactive in our body and causes no symptoms. Latent TB isn’t contagious but has a chance of becoming active.
A Person with Latent TB Infection:
- Has no symptoms
- Does not feel sick
- Cannot spread TB bacteria to others
- Usually, has a skin test or blood test result indicating TB infection
- Has a normal chest x-ray and a negative sputum smear
- Needs treatment for latent TB infection to prevent TB disease
Active Tuberculosis is when the TB bacteria multiply in our body, causing us to develop the symptoms of tuberculosis. If our lungs get infected with active TB, we can easily spread the disease to others.
A Person with Active TB Disease:
- Has symptoms that may include:
- a bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
- pain in the chest
- coughing up blood or sputum
- weakness or fatigue
- weight loss
- no appetite
- sweating at night
- Usually feels sick
- May spread TB bacteria to others
- Usually has a skin test or blood test result indicating TB infection
- May have an abnormal chest x-ray, or positive sputum smear or culture
- Needs treatment to treat TB disease
Treatments for Tuberculosis
Treating TB requires taking antibiotics for months or sometimes years. Number of drugs used for the treatment of tuberculosis and the most commonly used are:
Drug treatment typically lasts for at least six months and sometimes longer. Stopping treatment too early can result in a recurrence of the infection and can lead to the development of drug-resistant tuberculosis.
Isolation is still a part of modern tuberculosis treatment.
A person with active pulmonary tuberculosis should be isolated until he or she responds to treatment and has sputum TB tests that are negative (by so-called acid-fast smears) on at least two occasions.
This usually takes no more than two weeks.
Directly Observed Therapy (DOTS)
One of the approaches public health officials have taken to combat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is directly observed therapy, or DOT.
In DOT, a trained healthcare worker provides each dose of medication, watches the patient swallow it, and documents that the medication has been taken.
Effective Full-Day (Breakfast to Dinner) Diet for TB Patients
While the treatment of active tuberculosis is very long term – up to a year of daily antibiotics – you can help yourself feel better sooner and help your body fight off the disease by making sure you’re getting the right nutrition. Your body needs healthy nutrients now more than ever.
I had read content from different websites when I got stuck with TB. And here I am sharing the Most effective diet for TB patients you can ever find on the internet.
- Upon arising: a glass full of warm water mixed with a half freshly squeezed lime and a teaspoon of honey.
- Breakfast: eat a couple of fresh fruits, drink milk sweetened with honey and a few nuts, especially almonds.
- Lunch: freshly prepared steamed vegetables and a glass of buttermilk.
- Mid-afternoon: a glass fruit juice or sugarcane juice.
- Dinner: raw vegetable salad and sprouts with vegetable oil with lime juice dressing.
- Bedtime: a glass milk.
Know the Food Groups
A food group is the collection of the foods sharing similar kind of nutritional properties. Healthy diet can only be considered when a person eats the food from all food groups.
Nutrients are necessary for the body to function properly. The six essential nutrients that must be included in our diet plan are carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals & water.
Below are the food groups and the foods they consist of:
|Energy rich foods||Carbohydrates & fats||Whole grain cereals, millets.
Vegetable oils, ghee, butter.
Nuts and oil seeds. Sugars
|Body building foods||Proteins||Pulses, nuts and some oilseeds.
Milks & milk products
Meat, fish, poultry
|Protective foods||Vitamins & minerals||Green leafy vegetables.
Other vegetables & fruits.
Eggs, milk & milk products and flesh foods.
What Should be Avoided During Active Tuberculosis?
A person should avoid,
- Alcohol in any form, as it increases the risk of drug toxicity
- Carbonated drinks
- Excess of tea and coffee, or their intake with food
- Tobacco and tobacco products
- An excess of spices & salt
So, that was the complete bio-data of TB, hope this will you understand the disease better and push you up positively to recover from it if you have already.
One thing I would like to say is, keep up yourself fresh i.e no need to live in stress. Complete the medicinal course with the healthy diet. And eventually, the TB bacteria will be out from your body with doing any harm!
Please do let me know if I have missed something important or you want me to share anything else related to Tuberculosis. Drop us your feedback in the comment section below!