Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) Causes, Symptoms, prevention and Treatment

Pink Eye infection is quite common in children of 3 to 13-years of age, Today I will share the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of Pink Eye.

Here we go…

What is Pink Eye?

The eye infection  conjunctivitis (kun-junk-tih-VY-tus) often called Pink Eye is a common eye disease in young kids.


Pink Eye is redness and swelling of the conjunctiva, filmy membrane that covers the inside of your eyelids and the white part of your eye (known as the sclera).

Normal Eyes vs Pink Eyes

Anyone can get Pink Eye, but preschoolers, schoolchildren, college students, teachers and day care workers particularly have more chances of getting it. Why???

Will answer later…

Types of Pink Eye

The primary types of conjunctivitis are:

caused by the same virus that causes the common cold and is also very contagious, but usually, will clear up on its own within few days (10-12 days) without medical treatment.



is a highly contagious form of Pink Eye caused by bacterial infections, this type can cause serious damage to the eye if left untreated. Bacterial conjunctivitis usually produces a thick eye discharge or pus (a thick yellowish or greenish liquid) and can affect one or both eyes.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis


caused by the body’s reaction to a substance that causes an allergic reaction or due to an irritant. It is not contagious. Allergic conjunctivitis occurs when the conjunctiva becomes swollen or inflamed due to a reaction to other allergy-causing substances.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

Signs and Symptoms

Viral conjunctivitis

Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious, usually for 10-12 days, patients should avoid touching their eyes, shaking hands, sharing towels, napkin, pillows etc.

  • Itchy eyes
  • Redness in eyes
  • Tearing of eyes
  • Fluctuating or decreased vision
  • Watery eyes

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Bacterial conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis is one of the common forms of bacterial eye diseases, in bacterial conjunctivitis signs and symptoms are

  • Redness in eyes
  • Irritation, burning
  • Light sensitivity
  • Fluctuating or decreased vision

Allergic conjunctivitis

  • Redness in eyes
  • Itching and burning of eyes and surrounding tissues
  • Watery discharge
  • The conjunctiva ( clear covering of the white of the eye and the inside of the eyelids) itself may become very swollen and look light purple

Causes of Pink Eye

Causes of Pink Eye

  • Direct contact with an infected individual’s secretions, usually through hand-to-eye contact
  • Spread of the infection from bacteria living in the person’s own nose/sinus
  • Not cleaning contact lenses properly and using poorly fitting contact lenses or decorative contacts.

Treatment of Pink Eye

Viral conjunctivitis

In most cases, it remains for several days and needs no medical treatment. A home remedy of applying a cold, wet washcloth to the eyes can sometimes do relief.

Bacterial conjunctivitis

Bacterial Pink Eye may cause more harm than Viral Pink Eye. Bacterial infections usually last 7 to 10 days without antibiotic treatment and 2 to 4 days with antibiotic treatment. Your eye doctor typically will prescribe eye drops or ointments for the treatment of Bacterial conjunctivitis.

Allergic conjunctivitis

Allergy-associated Pink Eye may disappear completely, either when the allergy is treated with antihistamines, or when the allergen (a substance that causes an allergic reaction) is removed.

  • Avoid exposure to harsh chemicals, dyes, and perfumes
  • Use steroid eye drops

Completely avoiding the environmental factors that cause allergic conjunctivitis can be difficult. The best thing you can do is to limit your exposure to these triggers. For example, if you know that you are allergic to perfume or household dust, you can try to minimize your exposure by using scent-free soaps and detergents. You may also consider installing an air purifier in your home.

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Pink Eye prevention

wash hands after using toilet


You know the basics of all the forms of Pink Eye, what can you do to protect your kids and yourself from it???

Here are 5 simple ways to reduce the risk of getting Pink Eyes…

  • Try to avoid sharing your personal clothes, hand towels, napkins etc
  • Cover your nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing and try to avoid rubbing or touching your eyes with hands
  • Never…I repeat never share your contact lenses with anyone
  • Wash your hands frequently after toilet or after spending time at public places
  • When swimming, wear swim goggles to protect the eyes from bacteria and other microorganisms in the water that can cause conjunctivitis

Children are usually most susceptible to getting Pink Eye from bacteria or viruses because they are in close contact with so many others in school or day care centers and because they don’t practice good hygiene.

Final note:

I did a lot of research on Pink Eye, put all my efforts to aware all my readers about this serious eye infection increasing swiftly in our youngsters.

Sorry if I forgot to mention any other points, feel free to add in the comment box below.



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